It can be fun to set up a fish tank. There are so many options for creating an aquatic ecosystem in your house or office. Do not let the many options and products available overwhelm you.
Although it can be challenging to navigate the prospects, the process is more straightforward once you understand the basics. This checklist will help ensure that your freshwater fish friends are safe and sound when you bring them home.
1. Water Conditioner for Fish
It is crucial to have the right bacteria in your aquarium water. A water conditioner for fish is used to inoculate the aquarium with the right bacteria to digest and break down the ammonia that the fish inhabitants have excreted.
Ammonia can be toxic and cause death in freshwater fish if it builds up in their tank. Fluval cycle biological enhancement can be used to boost your system’s bacterial growth and prevent toxic buildup.
2. Fish Filter
A fish filter like the Fluval aquarium power filter generates basic water movement and provides three types of filtration for your water: chemical, biological, and mechanical. Each type of filtration has its benefits.
The water is filtered through a filter pad in a fish tank that traps debris. Next, the water passes through activated carbon to remove toxins. Biological filtration is when the water comes into contact with a medium that healthy, beneficial bacteria have colonized. It breaks down ammonia and makes your tank water safe for freshwater fish.
3. Aquarium Heater
To keep tropical fish alive, you need to ensure that the water is always warm. Try to set the thermostat to 72 degrees Fahrenheit.
Fish will survive. However, keeping them happy and healthy makes them more resilient. The specific temperature requirements of each species vary, but tropical fish require temperatures between 75- to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Fluval Submersible glass aquarium heating heater will keep your freshwater fish tank at an ideal temperature.
4. Air Pump
Water flow is vital because it promotes gas exchange between water and air. Fluval Air Pumps for Aquariums are an excellent option. They keep the water oxygenated which makes it easier to breathe for fish. In addition, the Fluval Air Pump for aquariums helps to heat the water evenly and not just in pockets of warm water around the heating element.
Fish tank substrate serves two purposes. First, the substrate at the bottom of fish tank filters provides another surface for good bacteria to grow. Second, you will also need a suitable substrate if you want to grow plants with covered roots.
When choosing the suitable substrate for your tank, there are many options. First, you can visualize the final aquarium you envision to help you select the suitable substrate for you.
For many freshwater aquariums, polished gravel is an excellent choice. Exotic Pebbles polished mixed gravel is one example. However, if you plan to keep live plants in your tank, bioactive substrates, such as the Activ Flora planted aquarium substrate, can be a great option to kickstart plant growth.
There are many lighting options available for fish tanks. They vary in price, appearance, and size. Like the substrate, you need to decide what lighting option is best for your tank and your budget.
Although LED lights require a higher initial investment, they are more durable than conventional compact fluorescent (CF) bulbs. In addition, the current USA’s satellite freshwater and aquarium LED light emits very little heat and uses very little energy.
7. Fish Aquarium Test Strips
Wait for your aquarium’s cycle to complete before adding freshwater fish. You can also measure water pH, hardness, and alkalinity with test strips such as the 6-in-1 Tetra EasyStrips.
Test strips give you an overview of the health and condition of your freshwater fish tank in just 60 seconds. If you want to keep your fish tank healthy, this information is crucial.
These test strips should be used to determine the pH, nitrate, and nitrite readings. A neutral pH is safe and should not be detected. Nitrite should not be detectable, nitrate should remain as low as possible, and nitrate should not be detected at all. Freshwater fish can survive in pH ranges of 5.5 to 7.5, depending on their species.
The rest of your system requirements will be more straightforward once you have decided what type of finned friends to keep in your fish tank. Researching the kind of fish you are interested in is one of the best things you can do. You need to learn about their habitat, water requirements, food habits, and how they interact with other fish. This information will make it easier to design the perfect habitat.
It’s fun to keep aquariums, especially if prepared. So enjoy the journey, take it slow and do your research.